By the end of 1954, 34 million people, or more than half of the eligible Japanese voters, signed the petition calling for nuclear weapons to be banned. This movement developed into the 1st World Conference against A & H Bombs in August 1955, which led to the establishment of the Japan Council against A & H Bombs (Japan Gensuikyo) and the Japan Confederation of A- and H-Bombs Sufferers Organizations (Nihon Hidankyo).
“It was an important election for residents’ livelihoods. By getting all our candidates elected in the close battle, we could fulfill our responsibility as the residents’ lifeline,” said Hayashida Sumitaka, Japanese Communist Party Oita Prefectural Committee chair, at midnight on the voting day.
Pointing out that the United States is moving some Marines out of Okinawa on condition that Japan will build a new base as the substitute for the USMC Futenma Air Station, Japanese Communist Party Chair Shii Kazuo criticized the government for accepting the strengthening and perpetuation of U.S. bases in Okinawa in disregard of residents’ opposition.
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